Phonology and Functions reflections and discovery activities



  • I think it’s very important that as a teacher we continue enhancing our pronunciation, so when we teach, we don’t make a lot of mistakes. But I do believe that when a student makes a pronunciation mistake, we need to let him/her finish their sentence, even give a little time afterwards and then explain to the whole class a clarification of the right pronunciation without mentioning the student (of course, no need to embarrassed them in front of the whole class).
  • I’ve found working with the course book program audio support is great since I’m not a native English speaker; I play it as much as the group needs to.
  • Music is an excellent teacher because you choose from a song you like, so you can play it over and over without hating it; then you can choose more and more, there’s a university of songs, genres and online tools to get them.

Most of the students love music and it really helps on loosing fears, loose the tongue, give them more confidence and enjoy the class.

  • Also I bring in native English speakers to class, sometimes they help us with the little stories on the course book, sometimes they ask students questions and sometimes they answer. These visitors sometimes are Spanish learners in the same center, so we mix languages or give times to each one.

I can tell you, with these activities even adults with a terrible pronunciation will change; it’s only a matter of making them enjoy and like the language.

  • Phonology is great for me as a teacher because as a Mexican teaching English I make a lot of mistakes I don’t even realize; and after this lesson I was able to find out how much I need it.

Since the phonology chart  focuses in specific sounds it really helps me working on my pronunciation and I believe later on, when I have it a little bit more well studied, I’ll be able to share it with my students.

(yeii, I’m getting there, as a turtle, but I am :P)



  • They’re the reason to communicate. They help students learn grammar with a meaning and linked to a context, it’s practical and once they learned them, they can change the exponents into another context.
  • They must be taught in all levels because they give sense to grammar, so, no matter how advanced a learner could be in English, functions will make it so much easier and effective in the learning process.

  • Functions are essential when it comes to essays and letters, because having clear and set up our reason, we can get our message across, with appropiacy or in a colloquial manner, depending on the context and who are we writing the manner or essay to.
  • Primary learners should learn functions because as it has been said above, they give a meaning to grammar, and this is the most significant point for an effective learning.
  • List of functions and their most useful exponents for my students outside the classroom:
Function Exponent
1. “Let’s hang out tonight” Suggesting about hanging out (meet and be together).
2. “I truly appreciated the book you sent me”. Thanking someone for a book.
3. “Would you like to come with us to the beach on the long weekend?” Inviting somebody.
4. “I didn’t mean it in that way, sorry”. Apologising for something said or done in some way.
5. “Hi, this is Shane from Montana”. Introducing someone.
6. “I need to start working on the school diagnosis right away”. Expressing obligation of some duty/assignment.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s